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A Beautiful RevolutionA Beautiful Revolution: Illustration of the Victorian Eraby Jack Raz"It is impossible to predict the time and progress of revolution. It is governed by its own more or less mysterious laws." Vladimir LeninAny discussion involving art and design in the Victorian Era must begin and end with illustration. While illustration (or the art of representing pictorially some idea which has been expressed in words) has existed since art itself, in the 19th Century, illustration would undergo an artistic revolution unparalleled in the
Paper IdeologiesPaper Ideologies: The Propaganda Posters of the Second World Warby Jack Raz"Nothing is easier than leading the people on a leash. I just hold up a dazzling campaign poster and they jump through it."Joseph GoebbelsOver the course of World War II, posters were used as one of the most effective forms of propaganda. This was due to the fact that a poster has an instant and powerful effect that a newspaper or leaflet just couldn't match. They express in the clearest possible manner the ideals or message of the nation and its leaders. Between 1939 and 1945, the propaganda poster served a wide range of goals and was employed in a number of different uses by the various nations at war. For the most part, these posters can be divided into five distinct groups: An Appeal to Patriotism, A Warning Against Spies and Saboteurs, A Call For War Production, A Highlighting of Alliances, and finally as A Means to Spread Hatred. This paper examines the various groups of posters and the ways in which e